Miniature Dairy Goat Association



MDGA Score Card



                                                                                                                                           Sr. Doe   Jr. Doe   Buck

GENERAL APPEARANCE                                                                                                         35        60        60           

A.     Appears stylish & alert; exhibits balance in all positions; moves easily                  3          4          4
& correctly about the ring;  

B.      Demonstrates correct breed characteristics                                                             6          10        10

C.      Front end assembly (withers blending smoothly from neck into topline,

shoulders tightly attached & elbows laid in against body wall;

moderately extended brisket;)                                                                                   4          10        10

D.     Neck & topline (neck lean with good length, blending smoothly into

withers & shoulders; topline slightly higher at the withers, then leveling            

out through the chine & loin; good width from loin to rump;

rump angled slightly downward;                                                                                8            14         12                                                                                                                       

E.      Legs & feet (set wide; front legs straight & under withers; back legs

straight as seen from rear & angled from side; pasterns strong;

feet pointing forward; toes close together;)                                                            14        22        24

DAIRY CHARACTER                                                                                                                   25        25        20

A.      General openness with flat bones, sharp withers, good width

 carried through from the chest to the escutcheon                                                10        9          8

B.      Shows angularity (clearly seen dairy wedges from top, rear and side)                 10        9          8

C.      Ribs flat, widely spaced, well sprung & angling toward rear                                    3          4          2

D.     Free of excess flesh & coarseness; loose, pliable skin                                                 2          3          2

BODY CAPACITY                                                                                                                         10        15        20

A.      Deep, wide chest that blends smoothly into barrel                                                   5          8          10

B.      Barrel with large capacity increasing in depth from heart girth to flank;

(In young stock, capacity should be appropriate for level of maturity)                   5          7          10

MAMMARY SYSTEM                                                                                                                   30         -           -

A.      Udder is well-attached, globular, balanced when viewed

from both the side & rear; capacious but with floor well above hocks;                    8          -           -

B.      Udder well supported with strong medial suspensory ligament and

good lateral attachments                                                                                               7          -           -

C.      Rear udder is high & wide; in natural, arch-shaped escutcheon                                6          -           -

D.     Fore udder wide and smoothly blending into abdominal wall                                   5          -           -

E.      Uniform, clearly delineated teats; teat size in proportion to udder                          4          -           -
capacity, & appropriately placed on udder floor for ease of milking

TOTAL SCORE                                                                                                                               100      100      100





MDGA Fault Matrix

Slight to Serious Faults, General:

  • Body
    • Too short
    • Too narrow throughout the body
    • Too fine-boned
    • Sway-backed
    • Large horn scurs
    • Heavy shoulders
    • Narrow chest floor
    • Pinched in the heart girth
    • Steep rump
    • Broken or wry tail
  • Legs
    • Bowed front legs
    • Rear legs set too closely

o    Hocky- (turned in at the hocks)

    • Toes or feet pointing out
    • Mild, temporary lameness
    • Pasterns too long or too short
    • Enlarged knees
    • Buck knees
  • Udder
    • Weak attachments
    • Pocket in fore udder
    • Meaty udder lacking soft texture,
    • Scar tissue.
  • Teats
    • Set too far in or out on the udder floor
    • Bulbous shape or small shape  
    • Pointed forward or sideways
    • Supernumerary

Serious Faults, General:

  • Body
    • Crooked face (on does)
    • Undershot or overshot jaw
    • Loose or winged shoulders
    • Malformed or crooked hooves
    • American minis over height
  • Udder
    • Udder overfull to the point that texture cannot be felt
    • Swollen or hard udder (expect in does that are just fresh.)
    • Uneven udder to the point that one side is less than half the size of the other side
    • Udder lacking in size or of insufficient capacity in relation to body size considering the point at which the doe is in her lactation
    • Leaking orifice
  • Teats
    • Double orifice in teat.
    • Extra teat on doe, even if it has been removed.

Disqualifications, General:

  • Minis: mature “purebred does over Breed height requirement; purebred bucks over Breed height requirement
  • Nigerian Dwarf: mature does over 22 ˝” tall and mature bucks over 23 ˝” tall.
  • Serious emaciation
  • Permanent lameness
  • Evidence of myotonia
  • Permanent physical defect, such as hernia
  • Total blindness
  • Crooked face on buck
  • Horns
  • Evidence of hermaphroditism
  • Extra teat that interferes with milking 
  • Anything other than two normal fully descended testicles in bucks
  • Extra teats on buck
  • Double orifice on buck
  • Suspicious lumps, sore mouth, evidence of Cocci or any other obvious contagious health issue.

Breed Specific:

Mini Alpine:

Serious faults:

Allowances given to “Experimentals” only

  • Animals with Toggenburg color and markings
  • Animals that are all white
  • Roman nose
  • American Over height



  • Allowances given to “Experimentals” only:
    • Pendulous ears
    • LaMancha-type ears
    • Purebred: Over height

Mini Guernsey:

Serious faults:

  Allowances given to “Experimentals” only

  • Swiss facial stripes and/or rump marking (as on Toggenburg or Oberhasli breeds)
  • Roman nose (depending upon degree)
  • Black hairs in the coat
  • Dominantly white coat on mature does.
  • American Over height



  • Allowances given to “Experimentals” only:
    • No gold tone to skin on muzzle, ears, eyes, mammary, scrotum, or under tail.
    • Black markings or spots in the hair over 1 ˝” (3.8 cm) in any direction
    • Pendulous ears
    • Purebred: Over height

Mini LaMancha:

Serious Faults:

American: Over height


  • Allowances given to “Experimentals” only:
    • Anything but gopher ears on bucks
    • Ears other than true LaMancha-type on does
    •  Purebred: Over height

Mini Nubian:

Serious faults:

Allowances given to “Experimentals” only

  • Straight face
  • Upright ears
  • American: Over height


  •   Allowances given to “Experimentals” only:
    • Ears other than true pendulous
    • Purebred: Over height

Mini Oberhasli:

Serious Faults:

Allowances given to “Experimentals” only

  • Small white spots in hair of does
  • American: over height




  • Allowances given to “Experimentals” only:
    • Large white spot (1” in any direction) on does; few small white spots in hair of bucks
    • Light belly on does
    • Pendulous or LaMancha-type ears
    • Black bucks
    • Any color but red bay in bucks
    • Any color but red bay or black in does
    • Purebred: Over height

Mini Saanen:

Serious faults:

Allowances given to “Experimentals” only

  • Dark cream color
  • Several small dark spots in hair
  • Roman nose
  • American: over height


  • Allowances given to “Experimentals” only:
    • Spots over 1” in any direction
    • Pendulous or LaMancha-type ears
    • Purebred: Over height

Mini Sable:


Allowances given to “Experimentals” only

  • Pendulous or LaMancha-type ears
  • Solid white or cream color
    • Purebred: Over height

Mini Toggenburg:

Serious faults:

Allowances given to “Experimentals” only

  • Few white spots in hair of does
  • Black color in does
  • Few small, white spots in hair of bucks
  • American: over height



  • Allowances given to “Experimentals” only:
    • Pendulous or LaMancha type ears
    • Black bucks
    • Tricolor or piebald
    • Large white spot ( 1” in any direction)
    • White belly on buck
    • Purebred: Overheight

Nigerian Dwarf:

Serious Faults:

  • Roman nose
  • Curly coat


  • Pendulous or LaMancha-type ears
  • Does over 22.5” tall and bucks over 23.5” tall


Please note:

Not making breed character will not affect your ability to
register animals within the “Experimental” registry. 

Many times the first couple of generations will not conform to
 breed standards, especially with the color breeds, Mini-Oberhasli,
Mini-Saanen, and Mini-Toggenburg, or in ear set in the
Mini-LaMancha and the Mini-Nubian. 

If they do not have the correct breed character by the 3rd generation,
or if a higher generation does not conform, they can still be registered
as an experimental with an * after their registration number showing
 that they did not conform to breed standard.

If your animals do not meet breed character standards, you will still be able to register them in the “Experimental” registry.

It is not uncommon for the the first couple of generations to not conform to breed standards, especially in color (Mini Oberhasli, Mini Saanen, and Mini Toggenburg) or in ear set (Mini LaMancha and Mini Nubian). 

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